New bone cements with Pluronic®F127 for prophylaxis and treatment of periprosthetic joint infections

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2021 Mar 29;119:104496. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2021.104496. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

In line with the increase in orthopedic prosthetic surgeries, there has been a significant rise in periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) due to Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) bacteria. In case of infection, antibiotic-added spacers are temporarily placed into the periprosthetic region. With the release of antibiotics usually failing to work in fighting off infection, recent studies have centered around developing more effective approaches. New polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement mixtures were prepared for this study with Pluronic®F127, bicarbonate, and citric acid addition. Optimal solutions were searched by monitoring vancomycin release on consecutive days with HPLC in in-vitro. The strengths of the samples were measured via four-point bending tests. Compared to conventional PMMA, strength values were observed to have improved by about 20% with 1.0 g of Pluronic®F127. According to HPLC studies, the highest increase for the area under the curve value was obtained for Pluronic®F127 doped mixture with a value of about 20%. It is understood from SEM and BET studies that addition of Pluronic®F127 helps increase porosity. The present study concludes that the optimum concentration of Pluronic®F127 could improve the strength and drug-releasing capacity of the spacer by increasing its porosity.

PMID:33812290 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2021.104496