J Med Chem. 2021 Oct 6. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.1c01250. Online ahead of print.
Novel bacterial topoisomerase inhibitors (NBTIs) are among the most promising new antibiotics in preclinical/clinical development. We previously reported dioxane-linked NBTIs with potent antistaphylococcal activity and reduced hERG inhibition, a key safety liability. Herein, polarity-focused optimization enabled the delineation of clear structure-property relationships for both microsomal metabolic stability and hERG inhibition, resulting in the identification of lead compound 79. This molecule demonstrates potent antibacterial activity against diverse Gram-positive pathogens, inhibition of both DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV, a low frequency of resistance, a favorable in vitro cardiovascular safety profile, and in vivo efficacy in a murine model of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection.