Optimization of variables in photodynamic antifungal assays against Candida species

Rev Argent Microbiol. 2021 Feb 26:S0325-7541(21)00013-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ram.2020.12.006. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Oral infections due to yeasts of the genus Candida are very common in patients with predisposing factors, such as physiological conditions or certain underlying diseases. Moreover, oral candidiasis can also evolve into disseminated forms. In this work, strains of the genus Candida were studied to establish the optimal radiation conditions for photosensitizing compounds, in a photodynamic antifungal therapy protocol. A total of 39 isolates were evaluated. The strains were exposed to twelve dyestuffs, eight radiation sources and three different exposure times. Orthotoluidine blue exhibited good photodynamic activity, in combination with exposure to a 20W reflector lamp LED (light-emitting diode) light for 60minutes. When considering the difficulties of using conventional antifungal drugs, the emergence of resistant strains, recurrences, and adverse reactions of certain commonly used drugs, the photodynamic antifungal therapy is a promising strategy for the treatment of localized infections.

PMID:33648798 | DOI:10.1016/j.ram.2020.12.006