Orthopedic surgical site infections: analysis of causative bacteria and implications for antibiotic stewardship.

Orthopedic surgical site infections: analysis of causative bacteria and implications for antibiotic stewardship.

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2014 May;43(5):E89-92

Authors: Norton TD, Skeete F, Dubrovskaya Y, Phillips MS, Bosco JD, Mehta SA

Abstract
Data that can be used to guide perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in our era of emerging antibiotic resistance are limited. We reviewed orthopedic surgeries complicated by surgical site infections (SSIs). Eighty percent of 69 arthroplasty and 80 spine fusion SSIs were infected with Gram-positive bacteria; most were staphylococcal species; and more than 25% of Staphylococcus aureus and more than 65% of coagulase-negative staphylococci were methicillin-resistant. Gram-negative bacteria were isolated from 30% of arthroplasty SSIs and 25% of spine fusion SSIs. Resistance to cefazolin was higher than 40%. A significant proportion of SSIs were caused by resistant organisms, and antibiotic guidelines were altered to provide more adequate surgical prophylaxis.

PMID: 24839634 [PubMed - in process]