Our 2014 approach to mucormycosis.

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Our 2014 approach to mucormycosis.

Mycoses. 2014 May 15;

Authors: Tacke D, Koehler P, Markiefka B, Cornely OA

Mucormycosis, previously termed as zygomycosis, is caused by fungi belonging to the order Mucorales and is a very severe disease in immunocompromised patients with an often unfavourable outcome. Given the high morbidity and mortality of mucormycosis, establishing a timely diagnosis followed by immediate treatment is of major importance. As randomised clinical trials are lacking, we present our current diagnostic and treatment pathways for mucormycosis in the immunocompromised host. Due to the difficulty to distinguish mucormycosis from other filamentous fungi, mucormycosis always has to be considered as differential diagnosis in predisposed patients. Diagnostic procedures comprise imaging, microscopy, culture and histopathology and need to be rigorously used. In patients with a high suspicion of mucormycosis, e.g. reversed halo sign on computed tomography scanning, our approach combines liposomal amphotericin B (LAmB) with surgical debridement. In light of the rapid deterioration and poor prognosis of these patients, we prefer a daily dose of LAmB of at least 5 mg kg(-1) despite nephrotoxicity. In patients with stable disease we switch to posaconazole 200 mg four times per day. In case of progression antifungal combination is an option.

PMID: 24829170 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]