Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2020 Nov 17;64(12):e00731-20. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00731-20. Print 2020 Nov 17.
In the phase 3 ASPECT-NP trial (NCT02070757), ceftolozane/tazobactam (C/T) was noninferior to meropenem for treatment of Gram-negative ventilated hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (vHABP/VABP). Here, we report outcomes in participants from ASPECT-NP with renal impairment (RI). Participants were categorized by their baseline renal function as follows: normal renal function (NRF; creatinine clearance [CLCR], ≥80 ml/min), mild RI (CLCR, >50 to <80 ml/min), moderate RI (CLCR, ≥30 to ≤50 ml/min), and severe RI (CLCR, ≥15 to <30 ml/min). Dosing of both study drugs was adjusted based on renal function. The following C/T doses were administered every 8 h: NRF or mild RI, 3 g; moderate RI, 1.5 g; and severe RI, 0.75 g. The primary and key secondary endpoints were day 28 all-cause mortality (ACM) and clinical response at the test-of-cure visit in the intention-to-treat (ITT) population, respectively. In the ITT population, day 28 ACM rates for the C/T arm versus the meropenem arm were 17.6% versus 19.1% (NRF), 36.6% versus 28.6% (mild RI), 31.4% versus 38.5% (moderate RI), and 35.3% versus 61.9% (severe RI). Rates of clinical cure in the ITT population for the C/T arm versus the meropenem arm were 58.1% versus 58.5% (NRF), 54.9% versus 45.5% (mild RI), 37.1% versus 42.3% (moderate RI), and 41.2% versus 47.6% (severe RI). Small sample sizes in the RI groups resulted in large 95% confidence intervals (CIs), limiting conclusive interpretation of the analysis. Both drugs were well tolerated across all renal function groups. Overall, these results support the use of the study dosing regimens of C/T for treatment of vHABP/VABP in patients with RI. (This study has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under identifier NCT02070757.).