Over 870 days of successful antibiotic suppression therapy for VRE-infected left ventricular assist device.
J Card Surg. 2020 Jun 19;:
Authors: Radcliffe C, Grant M
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are used in patients with advanced heart failure. Infections are common complications following device placement; however, the efficacy of chronic antimicrobial suppression therapy for deep-seated infections is not well characterized. We report the case of a 49-year-old male with a HeartMate II LVAD who presented with a methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus pump pocket infection that was subsequently treated with antibiotics and HeartMate III pump exchange. A vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) pump pocket infection then developed and responded to surgical drainage followed by long-term suppression with daptomycin then linezolid for over 870 days. A second pump exchange was not required. To our knowledge, this represents the longest reported use of daptomycin (341 days) without symptomatic adverse events. Managing infections caused by multidrug-resistant pathogens presents a clinical challenge. This case demonstrates the potential for antimicrobial suppression therapy to allow for successful retention of a VRE-infected LVAD.
PMID: 32557822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]