Paradoxical response preceding control of Scedosporium apiospermum mycetoma with posaconazole treatment.

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Paradoxical response preceding control of Scedosporium apiospermum mycetoma with posaconazole treatment.

Infect Dis (Lond). 2015 Jun 26;:1-4

Authors: Béraud G, Desbois N, Coyo C, Quist D, Rozé B, Savorit L, Cabié A

Abstract
Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infection that is difficult to treat, notably when due to fungi such as Scedosporium apiospermum. Recent antifungal agents could be an option, but cases are rarely reported, and none with posaconazole. Paradoxical responses, defined as initial clinical worsening despite appropriate treatment, are common in tuberculosis but rare in deep mycoses in non-immunocompromised hosts. Hence, paradoxical responses in context other than mycobacterial infection in an immunocompromised host could provide insights into the pathophysiology and the optimal strategy for treatment. We report the first case of a mycetoma caused by S. apiospermum with bone involvement treated with posaconazole, and the paradoxical response observed at the beginning of the treatment. As with mycobacterial infections, a paradoxical response in deep mycosis could represent the earliest marker of therapeutic efficacy.

PMID: 26114987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]