Penicillin-Binding Proteins and Associated Protein Mutations Confer Oxacillin/Cefoxitin Tolerance in Borderline Oxacillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
Microb Drug Resist. 2020 Sep 29;:
Authors: Sasaki H, Ishikawa H, Itoh T, Arano M, Hirata K, Ueshiba H
Among clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus, borderline oxacillin-resistant S. aureus (BORSA), which is mildly resistant to oxacillin (OXA) without harboring the mecA or mecC gene, is considered a risk factor for further resistance against multiple antibiotics. In this study, BORSA isolates and their derivatives were characterized through antibiotic susceptibility testing and mutation analysis of the genes encoding penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) and their related proteins, including the promoter region. Eight BORSA isolates were confirmed to harbor the blaZ gene, and hyperproduction of blaZ-encoded penicillinase was predicted based on the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). Of these, four derivative strains that were spontaneously selected based on viability on media containing high concentrations of OXA showed higher MICs than the parent isolates. The minimum bactericidal concentrations, MIC ratios, and TDtest results identified many strains with cefoxitin tolerance. Sequencing of pbp1, pbp2, pbp3, pbp4, gdpP, and yjbH, and the promoter of pbp4 revealed mutations in BORSA isolates and derivatives, despite their absence in parent isolates, suggesting that mutations in PBPs confer OXA/cefoxitin tolerance in BORSA strains.
PMID: 32991274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]