Pericarditis Caused by <em>Enterococcus faecium</em> with Acute Liver Failure Treated by a Multifaceted Approach including Antimicrobials and Hemoadsorption

Case Rep Crit Care. 2021 Mar 16;2021:8824050. doi: 10.1155/2021/8824050. eCollection 2021.


BACKGROUND: Sepsis and septic shock are still life-threatening diseases with a high mortality rate. We report a complex case of peritonitis with pericarditis and acute liver failure caused by septic shock. Potentially hepatotoxic antibiotic therapy levels were monitored using the liver maximum capacity (LiMAx®) test, and standard treatment was supplemented by adjunctive hemoadsorption with CytoSorb®. Case Presentation. The case features a 29-year-old woman with a history of Crohn's disease and cachexia. Peritonitis caused by Enterococcus faecium was diagnosed later due to an ileum perforation. The hematogenic spread led to pericarditis. In addition, sepsis-related acute liver failure complicated antimicrobial therapy further. The combination of standard therapy, anti-infective medication, and blood purification was associated with inflammation control, hemodynamic stabilization, and a concomitant decrease in vasopressor support. An efficient, sustained reduction in plasma bilirubin levels was achieved while maintaining liver function.

CONCLUSIONS: This case shows how complex infectious diseases with an atypical infectious focus resulting in septic shock can be successfully treated. A combination of antimicrobial (tigecycline and caspofungin) and long-term adjunctive hemoadsorption therapy was administered while hepatotoxic antibiotic medication was monitored by liver function testing.

PMID:33815848 | PMC:PMC7987411 | DOI:10.1155/2021/8824050