Pharmacists promote rational use of antibiotic prophylaxis in Type I incision operations via application of drug use evaluation.

Pharmacists promote rational use of antibiotic prophylaxis in Type I incision operations via application of drug use evaluation.

Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Jun 19;

Authors: Shi QP, Ding F, Liu Y, Sang R, Zhu JX, Shi PL, Wang MH, Yuan HY

Abstract
Objective: Drug use evaluation (DUE) criteria were established to assess the rational use of antibiotic prophylaxis (RUAP) in Type I incision operations (TOIO) during peri-operation period and to enhance pharmacists' responsibilities for antibiotic stewardship. Methods: The criteria were set with a threshold based on a literature review and discussions with multidisciplinary experts. Patients who received TOIO from July 2008 to June 2012 were enrolled in the study. The percentage of prescriptions adhering to all items of criteria was 10% at baseline. Results: According to DUEs and interviews by pharmacists, the percentages of prescriptions adhering to all items of criteria of DUE-1, DUE-3, DUE-5, and DUE-8 were 13.3, 20.0, 50.0 and 66.7%, respectively. The study showed that the most common inappropriate therapies were no indications for prophylaxis antibiotic use and inappropriate choices of antibiotics. Pharmacists finally disseminated DUE criteria and reports to prescribe and improve RUAP in TOIO at the hospital through the Drug and Therapeutics Committee (DTC). Conclusion: The study demonstrated that application of pharmacist- directed DUE is a useful strategy to detect, supervise and help correct challenges encountered during antibiotic prophylaxis in TOIO.

PMID: 23782586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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