Pharmacokinetics of echinocandins in suspected candida peritonitis: A potential risk for resistance

Int J Infect Dis. 2020 Dec;101:24-28. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.09.019. Epub 2020 Sep 13.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: A possible increase in Candida resistance, especially in Candida glabrata, has been speculated according to poor diffusion of echinocandins to peritoneal fluid.

MATERIALS/METHODS: Peritoneal and serum concentrations of caspofungin, micafungin and anidulafungin were analysed in surgical patients with suspected candida peritonitis. After 4 days of starting therapy, serum and peritoneal samples (through peritoneal drainage) were obtained at baseline, 1, 6, 12 and 24 h of drug administration. Micafungin and anidulafungin concentrations were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC/F), whereas caspofungin concentrations were established by bioassay.

RESULTS: Twenty-three critically ill patients with suspected abdominal fungal infection who were receiving an echinocandin were prospectively recruited. No specific criteria were applied to prescribe one specific echinocandin. No special clinical differences were observed among the three groups of patients. All were receiving antibiotic therapy, 80% required inotropic drugs, and fungal peritonitis was confirmed in 74% of them. The AUC0_24h (mg × h/L) obtained in serum and peritoneal fluid were: 126.84 and 34.38, 98.52 and 18.83, and 66.9 and 8.78 for anidulafungin, micafungin and caspofungin, respectively. The median concentration in peritoneal fluid ranged from 0.66 to 1.82 μg/mL for anidulafungin, 0.68-0.88 μg/mL for micafungin and 0.21-0.46 μg/mL for caspofungin.

CONCLUSION: The results showed moderate penetration of echinocandins into the peritoneal fluid of these patients. These levels are below the threshold of resistance mutant selection published by other authors. This could justify a potential risk of resistance in patients with prolonged treatment with echinocandins and suboptimal control of abdominal infection.

PMID:32937195 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.09.019