Pharmacokinetics of tedizolid following oral administration: single and multiple dose, effect of food, and comparison of two solid forms of the prodrug.
Pharmacotherapy. 2014 Mar;34(3):240-50
Authors: Flanagan SD, Bien PA, Muñoz KA, Minassian SL, Prokocimer PG
OBJECTIVES: The single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics (PK) of tedizolid were examined after oral administration of tedizolid phosphate disodium (TPD), including the effect of food on PK. The relative bioavailability of TPD to the free acid tedizolid phosphate was determined to bridge the results of these and other studies to the solid form of the prodrug selected for further development.
DESIGN: Randomized placebo-controlled, double-blind single- and multiple-ascending dose studies and randomized open-label, crossover food effect and relative bioavailability studies.
SETTING: Clinical Research Units.
PARTICIPANTS: Healthy subjects.
INTERVENTION: Study TR701-101 enrolled 40 subjects in single-ascending dose (200-1200 mg TPD or placebo) and 40 subjects in 21-day multiple-ascending dose (200, 300, or 400 mg TPD once/day; 600 mg linezolid twice/day; or placebo) arms. Study TR701-103 was a food-effect study in 12 subjects administered 600 mg TPD. Study TR701-108 was a relative bioavailability study in 12 subjects administered 150-mg tedizolid equivalents as TPD or tedizolid phosphate.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Plasma concentrations of the prodrug tedizolid phosphate, its active moiety tedizolid, and/or linezolid were collected. After administration of 200 to 600 mg TPD, tedizolid values increased approximately dose proportionally in area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) and maximum plasma concentration (Cmax ). Tedizolid half-life values were approximately 2-fold greater compared with linezolid. TPD administration with food delayed tedizolid absorption and reduced Cmax relative to the fasted state but did not alter AUC. Minimal accumulation was predicted and observed for tedizolid, whereas observed accumulation of linezolid exceeded predictions based on single-dose PK. Comparable PK of tedizolid was observed following oral administration of either TPD or tedizolid phosphate. In the multiple-ascending dose study, 3 of 24 tedizolid subjects were withdrawn under prespecified stopping rules (one each of elevated alanine aminotransferase, low reticulocyte count, or low white blood cell count), as was 1 of 8 linezolid subjects (low reticulocyte count).
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, tedizolid has a favorable PK profile, a half-life that supports once daily administration, and no nonlinearities at steady state. Tedizolid phosphate can be administered without regard to food.
PMID: 23926058 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]