Pharmacological serum concentrations of epinephrine and norepinephrine do not affect growth rate, morphogenesis, stress tolerance, and virulence of Candida albicans.

Pharmacological serum concentrations of epinephrine and norepinephrine do not affect growth rate, morphogenesis, stress tolerance, and virulence of Candida albicans.

Med Mycol. 2020 Jul 17;:

Authors: Wurster S, Lyos S, Albert ND, Kontoyiannis DP

Abstract
Vasopressors are frequently given in hemodynamically unstable patients with severe Candida sepsis. While catecholamines can aggravate sepsis-induced immune dysfunction and modulate bacterial virulence traits, their impact on fungal pathogenicity is poorly understood. Using IncuCyte time-lapse microscopy and a fruit fly candidiasis model, we studied growth rates, morphogenesis, stress tolerance, and virulence of C. albicans cocultured with epinephrine and norepinephrine. We found that pharmacologically attainable catecholamine serum concentrations caused minimal changes to in vitro growth kinetics, filamentation, and fungal resistance to thermal or oxidative stress. Similarly, exposure of C. albicans to catecholamines did not alter the survival of infected flies.

PMID: 32678869 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]