Physiological Genomics of Multistress Resistance in the Yeast Cell Model and Factory: Focus on MDR/MXR Transporters.

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Physiological Genomics of Multistress Resistance in the Yeast Cell Model and Factory: Focus on MDR/MXR Transporters.

Prog Mol Subcell Biol. 2019;58:1-35

Authors: Godinho CP, Sá-Correia I

Abstract
The contemporary approach of physiological genomics is vital in providing the indispensable holistic understanding of the complexity of the molecular targets, signalling pathways and molecular mechanisms underlying the responses and tolerance to stress, a topic of paramount importance in biology and biotechnology. This chapter focuses on the toxicity and tolerance to relevant stresses in the cell factory and eukaryotic model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Emphasis is given to the function and regulation of multidrug/multixenobiotic resistance (MDR/MXR) transporters. Although these transporters have been considered drug/xenobiotic efflux pumps, the exact mechanism of their involvement in multistress resistance is still open to debate, as highlighted in this chapter. Given the conservation of transport mechanisms from S. cerevisiae to less accessible eukaryotes such as plants, this chapter also provides a proof of concept that validates the relevance of the exploitation of the experimental yeast model to uncover the function of novel MDR/MXR transporters in the plant model Arabidopsis thaliana. This knowledge can be explored for guiding the rational design of more robust yeast strains with improved performance for industrial biotechnology, for overcoming and controlling the deleterious activities of spoiling yeasts in the food industry, for developing efficient strategies to improve crop productivity in agricultural biotechnology.

PMID: 30911887 [PubMed - in process]