Plasma and peritoneal fluid population pharmacokinetics of micafungin in post-surgical patients with severe peritonitis.
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2015 Jul 14;
Authors: Grau S, Luque S, Campillo N, Samsó E, Rodríguez U, García-Bernedo CA, Salas E, Sharma R, Hope WW, Roberts JA
OBJECTIVES: Limited information about the pharmacokinetics of micafungin in the peritoneal cavity is available. The aim of this study was to explore the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of micafungin in plasma and peritoneal fluid in post-surgical critically ill patients with proven or suspected intra-abdominal fungal infection.
METHODS: Patients were administered 100 mg/day micafungin. Serial blood and peritoneal fluid samples were collected on day 1 and day 3 (steady-state) of treatment. Concentrations were determined by validated chromatography and were subject to a population pharmacokinetic analysis with Pmetrics(®). Monte Carlo simulations were performed for AUC0-24/MIC ratios in plasma. The PTA was calculated using AUC0-24/MIC cut-offs: 285 for Candida parapsilosis and 3000 for non-parapsilosis Candida spp.
RESULTS: Ten patients were included; six were male. The median (range) age, APACHE II score and Mannheim peritonitis index were 72 (43-85) years, 15 (11-36) and 26 (8-37), respectively. On day 1, median (SD) penetration of micafungin into the peritoneal cavity was 30% (30%-40%). A three-compartment model adequately described the data. The mean (SD) estimates for clearance and volume of distribution of the central compartment were 1.27 (0.75) L/h and 9.26 (1.11) L, respectively. In most patients, the PTA in plasma was ≥90% for MICs of 0.008-0.016 mg/L for Candida spp. and 0.125-0.25 mg/L for C. parapsilosis.
CONCLUSIONS: After the first dose, micafungin at 100 mg/day achieves pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic targets in plasma for Candida spp. and C. parapsilosis MICs of 0.008-0.016 and 0.125-0.25 mg/L, respectively.
PMID: 26180134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]