Posaconazole-induced hypertension and hypokalemia due to inhibition of the 11β-hydroxylase enzyme.

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Posaconazole-induced hypertension and hypokalemia due to inhibition of the 11β-hydroxylase enzyme.

Clin Kidney J. 2018 Oct;11(5):691-693

Authors: Barton K, Davis TK, Marshall B, Elward A, White NH

Abstract
Posaconazole is an antifungal therapy reported to cause incident hypertension. Hypokalemia is also a known side effect. The combination of hypertension and hypokalemia suggests mineralocorticoid excess. We present the case of a 15-year-old adolescent male with hypertensive urgency while on prophylactic posaconazole therapy for a combined immunodeficiency. We identify the mechanism of posaconazole-induced hypertension to be inhibition of the 11β-hydroxylase enzyme, resulting in elevated levels of the mineralocorticoid receptor activator deoxycorticosterone. Loss of function of the 11β-hydroxylase enzyme is responsible for a rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia and can be associated with life-threatening adrenal crisis.

PMID: 30289132 [PubMed]