Postoperative diarrhea and high ostomy output impact postoperative outcomes after elective colon and rectal operations regardless of Clostridium difficile infection.

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Postoperative diarrhea and high ostomy output impact postoperative outcomes after elective colon and rectal operations regardless of Clostridium difficile infection.

Am J Surg. 2015 Jun 4;

Authors: Gaertner WB, Madoff RD, Mellgren A, Kwaan MR, Melton GB

Abstract
BACKGROUND: We aimed to review and compare outcomes of patients with and without Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) after elective colorectal operations.
METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with CDI after elective colon and rectal operations from 2007 to 2012 (Group A) was conducted. Outcomes were compared with patients with a negative C. difficile toxin assay performed for postoperative diarrhea or high stoma output (Group B) and matched controls (Group C).
RESULTS: Forty-four patients (median age 53 years) developed CDI postoperatively (Group A). Fourteen patients (32%) had surgical site infections. Both Group A and Group B patients received ertapenem as preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis significantly more often than matched controls (P < .0001), and also had significantly more surgical site infections (P = .004), longer hospital stays (P = .003), and more readmissions (P = .02) compared with Group C patients.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, postoperative CDI was uncommon, of low morbidity, and no mortality. Postoperative diarrhea and high stoma output, whether in patients who are C. difficile positive or not, appear to impact postoperative outcomes.

PMID: 26117432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]