Potent in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial activity of semisynthetic amphiphilic γ-mangostin derivative LS02 against Gram-positive bacteria with destructive effect on bacterial membrane.

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Potent in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial activity of semisynthetic amphiphilic γ-mangostin derivative LS02 against Gram-positive bacteria with destructive effect on bacterial membrane.

Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr. 2020 May 11;:183353

Authors: Lin S, Zhu C, Li H, Chen Y, Liu S

Abstract
Semisynthetic γ-mangostin derivative LS02 is a novel cationic amphiphilic peptidomimetic antimicrobial agent containing a hydrophobic scaffold and three hydrophilic and positively charged residues of arginine. LS02 showed low in vitro toxicity, potent activities against Gram-positive bacteria including MRSA (MIC = 1.56-6.25 μg/mL) and avoidance of drug resistance. The mode of action studies indicated that LS02 killed bacteria by disrupting bacterial cell membranes. LS02 not only exhibited good water solubility, low hemolytic activity and cell cytotoxicity, but also displayed excellent in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activity, indicating its great potential of being a lead compound as a novel membrane-active antibacterial agent capable of combating bacterial resistance.

PMID: 32407778 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]