Practice of nosocomial infection management in burn department based on the American hospital evaluation standard of the Joint Commission International

Chen HQ, et al. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2020.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the role of continuous quality improvement measures based on the American hospital evaluation standard of the Joint Commission International (JCI) in prevention and control of nosocomial infection in Burn Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine (hereinafter referred to as the author' s department). Methods: From 2013 to 2018, based on 11 JCI standards related to infection prevention and control and the current situation of the author' s department, more than 50 doctors, nurses, and nursing assistants from the author' s department participated in continuous improvement of the three-level management system of nosocomial infection in the author' s department, focusing on implementing of management of patient with multidrug resistant bacteria infection, optimizing the infection control management of instrument and cloth, and implementing target management on 5 indicators such as hand hygiene implementation rate, and carrying out inspection, quality management, and improvement on 11 items of prevention and control of nosocomial infection. The implementation rate of hand hygiene from 2013 to 2018 and the accuracy rate of hand hygiene from 2016 to 2018 of medical staff in the author' s department, and incidences of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) of central venous, catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), and ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) of burn intensive care unit in the author's department from 2013 to 2018 were monitored.The following 7 indicators were monitored from 2013 to 2018, including false negative rate of nosocomial infection, incidence of hyperglycemia during intensive insulin treatment for severely burned patients, the implementation rate of CRBSI preventive measures, the specification rate of surface fixation of indwelling catheter, the implementation rate of VAP preventive measures, the accuracy rate of bed temperature during the use of suspended bed, and the implementation rate of hand hygiene of standardized training medical staff in the author' s department before and after improvement. Data were statistically analyzed with chi-square test. Results: The implementation rate of hand hygiene of medical staff in the author' s department was 88.0%-89.5% from 2013 to 2018, the correct rate of hand hygiene of medical staff in the author' s department was 95.10%-97.35%, and both reached the target values. The incidences of CRBSI in 2015, VAP in 2017, and CAUTI in 2013, 2014, and 2017 of burn intensive care unit failed to reach the respective target value and reached the respective target value after quality improvement, and the above-mentioned 3 indicators reached the respective target value in other years. From 2013 to 2018, the false negative rate of nosocomial infection and the incidence of hyperglycemia during intensive insulin treatment of severely burned patients in the author' s department after improvement were significantly lower than those before improvement (χ(2)=24.50, 4.74, P<0.05 or P<0.01), the implementation rate of CRBSI preventive measures, the specification rate of surface fixation of indwelling catheter, the implementation rate of VAP preventive measures, and the accuracy rate of bed temperature during the use of suspended bed after improvement in the author' s department were significantly higher than those before improvement (χ(2)=13.78, 6.50, 20.37, 13.92, P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the implementation rate of hand hygiene of standardized training medical staff in the author' s department after improvement was similar to that before improvement (χ(2)=1.71, P>0.05). Conclusions: The introduction of JCI standard can improve the implementation rate and accuracy rate of hand hygiene of medical staff in burn department, reduce the incidences of CRBSI, CAUTI, and VAP, and improve the effect of prevention and control of nosocomial infection in burn department.

PMID:32594709 | DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn501120-20190206-00020