Preparation and evaluation of posaconazole-loaded enteric microparticles in rats.

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Preparation and evaluation of posaconazole-loaded enteric microparticles in rats.

Drug Dev Ind Pharm. 2016 Dec 22;:1-34

Authors: Yang M, Dong Z, Zhang Y, Zhang F, Wang Y, Zhao Z

Abstract
Objectives Posaconazole (POS) is an antifungal compound which has a low oral bioavailability. The aim of this study was to prepare POS enteric microparticles to enhance its oral bioavailability. Methods POS enteric microparticles were prepared with hypromellose acetate succinate (HPMCAS) via the spray drying method. The solvent mixtures of acetone and ethanol used in the preparation of the microparticles were optimized to produce the ideal POS enteric microparticles. Multivariate data analysis using a principal component analysis was used to find the relationship among the HPMCAS molecular characteristics, particle properties and drug release kinetics from the spray dried microparticles. Key findings The optimal spray solvent mixtures were critical to produce the POS microparticles with the defined polymer entanglement index, drug surface enrichment, particle size, and drug loading. The HPMCAS molecular characteristics affected the microscopic connectivity and diffusivity of polymer matrix and eventually influenced the drug release behavior, and enhanced the bioavailability of POS. Conclusions These studies suggested that the selection of suitable solvent mixtures of acetone and ethanol used in the spray drying of the microparticles was quite important to produce the entangled polymer structures with preferred polymer molecular properties of polymer coiling, overlap concentration and entanglement index. Additional studies on particle size and surface drug enrichment eventually produced HPMCAS-based enteric microparticles to enhance the oral bioavailability of POS.

PMID: 28005452 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]