Indian J Tuberc. 2021 Jan;68(1):106-113. doi: 10.1016/j.ijtb.2020.09.005. Epub 2020 Sep 6.
Tuberculosis is currently an anticipated driver of pandemic diseases. It remains an imminent issue accounting for about 1.4 million deaths annually across the world. Since the evolution of human entity drug susceptible tuberculosis was managed through potent first line therapies. Unfortunately, the emergence of newer multitude strains refractory amongst available drugs in Drug resistant TB has led to an emergence MDR-TB and XDR-TB. Moreover, the increasing incidence of drug susceptible TB in developing countries paved way to development of new guidelines for treating various form of tuberculosis. Furthermore, newer regimens are warranted to combat resistance that preferably cause a reduction in mortality. Until now, various ongoing trials are being carried in order to potentially evaluate the suitable novel drug candidates, repurposed drugs and host directed therapies that will optimistically be safe, easy to tolerate, cost effective and non-toxic that will modify the prospects for treating drug resistant TB and latent TB. In context, the current scenario seems to impose a significant challenge on health care researchers in the field of drug discovery owing to complexities, prolong treatment duration, and is cumbersome. Pretomanid is a novel drug with potent bactericidal properties emerging a key advancement used in combination along with other drug therapies This review details the role of pretomanid in treating tuberculosis and the clinical trials in adultsd.