Pretomanid for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.

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Pretomanid for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Drugs Today (Barc). 2020 Oct;56(10):655-668

Authors: Thakare R, Dasgupta A, Chopra S

Abstract
Discovering novel drugs active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), is currently one of the most unmet medical needs. In this context, pretomanid (PA-824), a novel nitroimidazole prodrug that targets both replicating and nonreplicating cells, is being developed by TB Alliance under license from Novartis. In replicating Mtb, pretomanid inhibits mycolic acid biosynthesis, which is an important building block of Mtb cell wall. Under nonreplicating conditions, pretomanid is reduced by deazaflavin-dependent nitroreductase, leading to generation of reactive nitrogen species exhibiting potent antimycobacterial activity. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved pretomanid under the Limited Population Pathway for Antibacterial and Antifungal Drugs (LPAD pathway) for treatment of adult patients with treatment-intolerant or nonresponsive multidrug-resistant TB and extensively drug-resistant TB in combination with bedaquiline and linezolid as part of the oral.

PMID: 33185630 [PubMed - in process]