Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance of <em>Salmonella</em> and <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em> in Fattening Pigs in Hubei Province, China

Microb Drug Resist. 2021 Apr 29. doi: 10.1089/mdr.2020.0585. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Pig is usually the carrier of Salmonella and Staphylococcus aureus, and can transmit the bacteria along the pork production chain to cause severe public health problems. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of Salmonella and S. aureus in fattening pigs in Hubei Province, China. The overall prevalence of Salmonella in rectal swab among 896 samples from 22 farms was 17.30%, and that of S. aureus in nasal swab among 814 samples from 20 farms was 28.26%. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) analysis showed that 95.33% of the Salmonella strains exhibited resistance to more than three classes of antimicrobial agents tested. The highest resistance proportions were for chloramphenicol (100%), sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (SXT) (100%), and tetracycline (TET) (93.46%), while the lowest proportions were for cefotaxime (37.38%), gentamicin (GEN) (34.58%), and ciprofloxacin (24.30%). On the other hand, 98.42% of the S. aureus strains were resistant to more than three classes of antimicrobial agents tested. The most common resistance among the S. aureus strains was against SXT (100.00%), followed by TET (98.43%), erythromycin (91.34%), and clindamycin (91.34%), while the lowest frequent resistances were against GEN (34.65%) and oxacillin (16.54%). The prevalence and AMR of Salmonella and S. aureus exhibited an obvious diversity among different pig farms. Our results provided the epidemiological data for risk analysis of foodborne bacteria and AMR in pig farms.

PMID:33926222 | DOI:10.1089/mdr.2020.0585