Prevalence and characterization of multidrug resistance and variant Salmonella genomic island 1 in Salmonella isolates from cattle, poultry and humans in Iran.

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Prevalence and characterization of multidrug resistance and variant Salmonella genomic island 1 in Salmonella isolates from cattle, poultry and humans in Iran.

Zoonoses Public Health. 2019 Jul 16;:

Authors: Ghoddusi A, Nayeri Fasaei B, Zahraei Salehi T, Akbarein H

Abstract
Salmonella enterica is a common food-borne pathogen with occasional multidrug resistance (MDR). Salmonella genomic island (SGI1) is a horizontally transmissible genomic island, containing an MDR gene cluster. All Salmonella serotypes are public health concern, although there is an additional concern associated with those that harbour SGI1. In Iran, there are no data on the presence of SGI1 variants in Salmonella isolates. The present study was conducted to identify MDR- and SGI1-carrying Salmonella strains isolated from various sources and to compare their genetic relatedness between human and animal sources. In total, 242 Salmonella isolates collected from chicken, cattle, and humans from 2008 through 2014 were studied. The isolates were tested for resistance to 14 antimicrobials via the disc diffusion method. They were also tested for the presence of SGI1 variants via PCR, and genetic relatedness was evaluated based on pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Resistance to at least one antimicrobial agent was observed in 132 (54%) Salmonella isolates (n = 242), while more than 40% of the isolates showed MDR. Based on PCR analysis, eight variants of SGI1, including SGI1, SGI1-B, SGI1-C, SGI1-D, SGI1-F, SGI1-I, SGI1-J and SGI1-O, were found in both human and animal isolates. Statistical analysis revealed no significant difference in the prevalence of SGI1 variants between human and animal isolates (p > 0.05). Macrorestriction PFGE analysis of the isolates with the same SGI1 variant and resistance patterns revealed genetic relatedness ranging from 70% to 100% among human and animal isolates. According to our review, this is the first documentation of SGI1 in Salmonella isolates in Iran. The presence of similar SGI1 variants in both humans and animals, along with their related PFGE patterns, suggests that food-producing animals may be a source of MDR Salmonella isolates in Iran.

PMID: 31310056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]