Prevalence, Etiology, and Associated Symptoms of Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy in Women Seen in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bihar

Cureus. 2021 Jan 14;13(1):e12700. doi: 10.7759/cureus.12700.

ABSTRACT

Introduction Vaginal discharge is the most frequent complaint during pregnancy, leading to numerous complications in both the mother and fetus. Aim The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of vaginal discharge, investigate its common infectious causes and associated symptoms during pregnancy. Methods This hospital-based cross-sectional study performed over one year evaluated 200 expectant mothers with vaginal discharge at any trimester in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, in cooperation with the Microbiology section, of Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Science, Patna. Results The mean age of the mothers was 26.84±5.51 years (range 19-42 years). Most of the patients (47.5%) were in the age group of 26-35 years, belonged to the lower socioeconomic class (67.5%), gravida 3 or more (43.5%), and presented in the third trimester. The prevalence of pathological discharge in pregnancy was 148/308 (48.05%). A positive culture was obtained in 105 (52.5%), and negative culture was obtained in 95 (47.5%). Vaginal candidiasis was diagnosed in most cases (37.5%), followed by aerobic vaginitis (15%), trichomoniasis (13.0%), and bacterial vaginosis (8.5%). The non-pathological discharge was diagnosed in 26.0%. Dysuria was the most common symptom (32.5%), followed by itching (27.5%) and urinary tract infection (UTI; 10.0%). The following variables were significantly associated (P<0.05) with discharge: age (in years), age group, gravida, culture, organism isolated on culture, UTI as a symptom, and diagnosis. Conclusion Expectant mothers presenting with vaginal discharge need to be evaluated to identify the etiology and allow timely treatment, which might be helpful in preventing complications.

PMID:33614308 | PMC:PMC7883588 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.12700