Proactive therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) may be helpful in managing long-term treatment with linezolid safely: findings from a monocentric, prospective, open-label, interventional study.
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2019 Aug 31;:
Authors: Cojutti PG, Merelli M, Bassetti M, Pea F
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia may be a dose-dependent adverse effect of linezolid therapy.
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether proactive therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) could be helpful in preventing and/or in recovering from the occurrence of linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia during long-term treatment.
METHODS: This was a monocentric, prospective, open-label, interventional study conducted between June 2015 and December 2017 among adult patients receiving >10 days of linezolid therapy and undergoing proactive TDM (desired trough level 2-8 mg/L) and platelet count assessment at day 3-5 and then once weekly up to the end of treatment.
RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were included. Twenty-eight (45.9%) always had desired trough level (group A) and 33 (54.1%) experienced linezolid overexposure (group B) [29/33 transiently (subgroup B1) and 4/33 persistently (subgroup B2)]. No patient experienced linezolid underexposure. Median duration of treatment for the different groups ranged between 19 and 54 days. Thrombocytopenia occurred overall in 14.8% of cases (9/61). The incidence rate of thrombocytopenia was significantly lower (P = 0.012) in both group A (10.7%; 3/28) and subgroup B1 (10.3%; 3/29) than in subgroup B2 (75.0%; 3/4). Thrombocytopenic patients belonging to both group A and group B1 recovered from thrombocytopenia without the need for discontinuing therapy. Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that thrombocytopenia was independently associated with baseline platelet count and with median linezolid trough concentrations.
CONCLUSIONS: Proactive TDM of linezolid may be beneficial either in preventing or in recovering from dose-dependent thrombocytopenia, even when treatment lasts for more than 28 days. Larger prospective studies are warranted to confirm our findings.
PMID: 31504570 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]