J Immunol Methods. 2021 Apr 13;494:113055. doi: 10.1016/j.jim.2021.113055. Online ahead of print.
To develop a suitable and effective vaccine against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), we selected the Hla-MntC-SACOL0723 (HMS) recombinant protein with two different formulations of alum and Monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) adjuvants. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the potentials of alum and MPL adjuvants in stimulating the immune response of HMS vaccine candidate against S. aureus. To evaluate the type of induced immune response, anti-HMS total IgG, IgG1, IgG2a, and IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, and IL-17 cytokines were determined after vaccination of mice with HMS-alum, HMS-MPL candidates. Mice were challenged with Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was isolated from pressure sores and evaluated for bacterial load in the kidney homogenates and survival rate. It was observed that total IgG and isotypes (IgG1 and IgG2a), IL-4, and IL-17 were significantly increased in the group that received HMS-alum vaccine compared with the group that received HMS-MPL formulation. On the other hand, the levels of IFN-γ and IL-2 cytokines in the group that received HMS-MPL were higher than the group that received HMS-alum formulation. Bacterial load in the mice who received HMS protein formulated with alum adjuvant was reduced more than the mice who received HMS protein formulated with MPL adjuvant. Histopathological analysis showed more pathological changes in kidney tissues of the group received of HMS-MPL compared with the HMS-alum formulation. The survival rate was equal in both groups of immunized with HMS-alum and HMS-MPL formulations. Finally, it could be concluded that both adjuvants of alum and MPL are suitable immune response enhancers to HMS vaccine candidate.