Proteomic Analysis of Proteins Associated with Inhibition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Resistance to Imipenem Mediated by the Chinese Herbal Medicine Qi Gui Yin.
Microb Drug Resist. 2020 Sep 14;:
Authors: Ding J, Gao X, Gui H, Ding X, Lu Y, An S, Liu Q
Objective: Antibiotic resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) that lowers the effectiveness of current treatments for pneumonia is a growing problem. Qi Gui Yin is a Chinese herbal medicine that has been used to improve the efficacy of antibiotic therapy against antibiotic-resistant bacteria. This study aimed to elucidate the mechanism by which Qi Gui Yin inhibits antibiotic resistance of PA. Methods: Active components of Qi Gui Yin were analyzed by chromatography. Isobaric Tags for Relative and Absolute Quantification (iTRAQ) technology was used to compare protein expression profiles of PA strains cultured in serum from rats that were and were not treated with Qi Gui Yin. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis was performed to detect gene expression changes. Results: Proteomic analysis identified 76 differentially expressed proteins between PA strains cultured in serum from rats that were or were not treated with Qi Gui Yin. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the largest number of differentially expressed proteins were associated with resistance mechanisms such as quorum sensing, bacterial biofilm formation, and active pumping. In addition, qPCR analysis confirmed that downregulation of iscU and arcA gene expression was associated with Qi Gui Yin treatment. Conclusions: Serum from Qi Gui Yin-treated rats could effectively inhibit antibiotic resistance of PA. Chlorogenic acid and astragaloside IV are the main components of Qi Gui Yin, which may mediate inhibition of antibiotic resistance. Our findings provide new insights into strategies involving Chinese herbal medicine that can be used to treat pneumonia caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
PMID: 32924788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]