Pulmonary disposition of tedizolid following administration of once-daily oral 200-milligram tedizolid phosphate in healthy adult volunteers.

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Pulmonary disposition of tedizolid following administration of once-daily oral 200-milligram tedizolid phosphate in healthy adult volunteers.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 May;56(5):2627-34

Authors: Housman ST, Pope JS, Russomanno J, Salerno E, Shore E, Kuti JL, Nicolau DP

Abstract
This study assessed the pulmonary disposition of tedizolid, an oxazolidinone, in adult volunteers receiving 200 mg of the prodrug tedizolid phosphate orally every 24 h for 3 days to steady state. Plasma samples were collected over the dosing interval, and participants were randomized to undergo bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) at 2, 6, 12, or 24 h after the last dose. Drug concentrations in plasma, BAL fluid, and alveolar macrophages (AM) were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and the urea correction method was used to calculate epithelial lining fluid (ELF) concentrations. Pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated by noncompartmental methods followed by compartmental population pharmacokinetics. Penetration was calculated as the area under the concentration-time curve during the dosing interval (AUC(0-24)) for ELF and AM relative to the free AUC(0-24) (fAUC(0-24)) in plasma. The half-life and volume of distribution in plasma were 9.23 ± 2.04 h and 108.25 ± 20.53 liters (means ± standard deviations), respectively. Total AUC(0-24) in plasma was 25.13 ± 5.78 μg · h/ml. Protein binding was 89.44% ± 1.58%, resulting in a mean fAUC(0-24) of 2.65 ± 0.72 μg · h/ml in plasma. Mean concentrations (μg/ml) at 2, 6, 12, and 24 h were 9.05 ± 3.83, 4.45 ± 2.18, 5.62 ± 1.99, and 1.33 ± 0.59 in ELF and 3.67 ± 1.02, 4.38 ± 2.18, 1.42 ± 0.63, and 1.04 ± 0.52 in AM. ELF and AM penetration ratios were 41.2 and 20.0. The mean ELF penetration ratio after population analyses was 39.7. This study demonstrates that tedizolid penetrates into ELF and AM to levels approximately 40-fold and 20-fold, respectively, higher than free-drug exposures in plasma.

PMID: 22330925 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]