Purification and Characterization of Pasteuricin Produced by Staphylococcus pasteuri RSP-1 and Active against Multidrug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

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Purification and Characterization of Pasteuricin Produced by Staphylococcus pasteuri RSP-1 and Active against Multidrug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

J Food Prot. 2018 Oct 03;:1768-1775

Authors: Hong J, Kim J, Quan LH, Heu S, Roh E

Abstract
Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen implicated in various diseases, including staphylococcal food poisoning. Bacteriocins are considered safe and effective antimicrobial substances for the prevention of the growth of pathogenic bacteria. In this article, we describe the purification and characterization of pasteuricin, a novel bacteriocin produced by Staphylococcus pasteuri RSP-1. A cell-free supernatant of S. pasteuri RSP-1 exerted strong antimicrobial activity against staphylococci, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), and gram-positive bacteria. The loss of antimicrobial activity upon treatment with proteolytic enzymes confirmed the proteinaceous nature of pasteuricin. A rapid and pronounced bactericidal effect of pasteuricin was confirmed by a live-dead bacterial viability assay. To our knowledge, pasteuricin is the first reported S. pasteuri bacteriocin that inhibits S. aureus. Because pasteuricin is characterized by strong antimicrobial activity and high stability, it has potential as an alternative antimicrobial agent to antibiotics.

PMID: 30280936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]