Pyrimidine: A promising scaffold for optimization to develop the inhibitors of ABC transporters.
Eur J Med Chem. 2020 May 18;200:112458
Authors: He ZX, Zhao TQ, Gong YP, Zhang X, Ma LY, Liu HM
The multidrug resistance (MDR) phenomenon in cancer cells is the major obstacle leading to failure of chemotherapy accompanied by the feature of intractable and recurrence of cancers. As significant contributors that cause MDR, ABC superfamily proteins can transport the chemotherapeutic drugs out of the tumor cells by the energy of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis, thereby reducing their intracellular accumulation. The ABC transports like ABCB1, ABCC1 and ABCG2 have been extensively studied to develop modulators for overcoming MDR. To date, no reversal agents have been successfully marketed for clinical application, and little information about the ABC proteins bound to specific inhibitors is known, which make the design of MDR inhibitors with potency, selectivity and low toxicity a major challenge. In recent years, it has been increasingly recognized that pyrimidine-based derivatives have the potential for reversing ABC-mediated MDR. In this review, we summarized the pyrimidine-based inhibitors of ABC transporters, and mainly focused on their structure optimizations, development strategies and structure-activity relationship studies in hope of providing a reference for medicinal chemists to develop new modulators of MDR with highly potency and fewer side effects.
PMID: 32497962 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]