Quality Metrics for Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs.

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Quality Metrics for Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs.

Pediatrics. 2019 Mar 29;:

Authors: Science M, Timberlake K, Morris A, Read S, Le Saux N, Groupe Antibiothérapie en Pédiatrie Canada Alliance for Stewardship of Antimicrobials in Pediatrics (GAP Can ASAP)

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) are targeted to optimize antimicrobial use. However, pediatric metrics used to measure outcomes of ASPs are not well established. Our aim for this project was to identify, refine, and develop consensus on standard metrics for pediatric ASPs.
METHODS: By using a modified Delphi process, 2 surveys were sent to experts and stakeholders to establish consensus on the utility of metrics. These were subdivided into 4 ASP domains: (1) antimicrobial consumption, (2) microbiologic outcomes, (3) clinical outcomes, and (4) process measures. Respondents were asked to rank the scientific merit, impact, feasibility, and accountability of each metric. Metrics with ≥75% agreement for scientific merit were included and metrics with ≤25% agreement were discarded. Consensus was finalized with a face-to-face meeting and final survey.
RESULTS: Thirty-eight participants from 15 pediatric hospitals across Canada completed all 3 rounds of the Delphi survey. In the domain of antimicrobial consumption, the 2 selected metrics were (1) days of therapy per 1000 patient-days and (2) total antimicrobial days. The clinical and process outcomes chosen were (1) 30-day readmission rate and (2) adherence to ASP recommendations, respectively. A microbiologic outcome was felt to be important and feasible, but consensus could not be obtained on a measure. Several barriers to implementation of the metrics were identified, including information technology limitations at various centers.
CONCLUSIONS: We obtained consensus on 4 metrics to evaluate pediatric antimicrobial stewardship activities in Canada. Adoption of these metrics by pediatric ASPs will facilitate measurement of outcomes nationally and internationally.

PMID: 30926619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]