Quantifying Human Health Risks from Virginiamycin Use in Food Animals in China.
Risk Anal. 2020 Apr 21;:
Authors: Cox LA, Popken DA, Sun J, Liao XP, Fang LX
Virginiamycin (VM), a streptogramin antibiotic, has been used to promote healthy growth and treat illnesses in farm animals in the United States and other countries. The combination streptogramin Quinupristin-Dalfopristin (QD) was approved in the United States in 1999 for treating patients with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) infections. Many chickens and swine test positive for QD-resistant E. faecium, raising concerns that using VM in food animals might select for streptogramin-resistant strains of E. faecium that could compromise QD effectiveness in treating human VREF infections. Such concerns have prompted bans and phase-outs of VM as growth promoters in the United States and Europe. This study quantitatively estimates potential human health risks from QD-resistant VREF infections due to VM use in food animals in China. Plausible conservative (risk-maximizing) quantitative risk estimates are derived for future uses, assuming 100% resistance to linezolid and daptomycin and 100% prescription rate of QD to high-level (VanA) VREF-infected patients. Up to one shortened life every few decades to every few thousand years might occur in China from VM use in animals, although the most likely risk is zero (e.g., if resistance is not transferred from bacteria in food animals to bacteria infecting human patients). Sensitivity and probabilistic uncertainty analyses suggest that this conclusion is robust to several data gaps and uncertainties. Potential future human health risks from VM use in animals in China appear to be small or zero, even if QD is eventually approved for use in human patients.
PMID: 32315459 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]