Rapid and Simple Reversed-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-HPLC) Method for Simultaneous Quantifications of Triazole Antifungals in Human Serum

Mycopathologia. 2021 Jan 3. doi: 10.1007/s11046-020-00514-0. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: To develop and validate a one-step, rapid and simple reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based protocol for the simultaneous measurement of voriconazole (VCZ), posaconazole (POSA), itraconazole (ITC) in serum/plasma.

METHODS: Calibration standards (CS) and quality control samples were prepared in drug-free serum by spiking with the triazoles at different concentrations. HPLC was performed with C18 column, isocratic mobile phase after extraction with cold acetonitrile. The standardized method was tested in 2693 patients' serum/plasma samples.

RESULTS: Linearity of CS for ITC, VCZ and POSA was proportional to the nominal concentration (correlation coefficient > 0.999). Limit of detection (mg/L) for ITC, VCZ and POSA was 0.25, 0.25 and 0.125, respectively. The lower limit of quantification (mg/L) for ITC, VCZ and POSA was 0.5, 0.5 and 0.25, respectively. Precision and accuracy were in acceptable range with 100% average percentage recovery. No interferences from endogenous substances and other antimicrobial compounds were noted. In clinical samples, the therapeutic range achieved for VCZ was 39.9%. Whereas, 61.1% and 44% of samples with ITC and POSA, respectively, were in the sub-therapeutic range.

CONCLUSION: We developed a rapid and simple HPLC method to quantify common triazoles in a single chromatographic run allowing simultaneous measurement of different antifungals in a small volume of serum/plasma. Thus, therapeutic drug monitoring requests can be processed in one run without changing the protocol parameters, column or column conditioning thereby improving turnaround time.

PMID:33389486 | DOI:10.1007/s11046-020-00514-0