J Am Chem Soc. 2021 Apr 28. doi: 10.1021/jacs.1c00462. Online ahead of print.
Carbapenems stand as one of the last-resort antibiotics; however, their efficacy is threatened by the rising number and rapid spread of carbapenemases. Effective antimicrobial stewardship thus calls for rapid tests for these enzymes to aid appropriate prescription and infection control. Herein, we report the first effective pan-carbapenemase reporter CARBA-H with a broad scope covering all three Ambler classes. Using a chemical biology approach, we demonstrated that the absence of the 1β-substituent in the carbapenem core is key to pan-carbapenemase recognition, which led to our rational design and probe development. CARBA-H provides a dual colorimetric-fluorogenic response upon carbapenemase-mediated hydrolysis. A clear visual readout can be obtained within 15 min when tested against a panel of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) clinical isolates that notably includes OXA-48 and OXA-181-producing strains. Furthermore, CARBA-H can be applied to the detection of carbapemenase activity in CPE-spiked urine samples.