Trop Med Infect Dis. 2021 Jul 5;6(3):123. doi: 10.3390/tropicalmed6030123.
(1) Background: In an area with a high prevalence of multi-drug resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB), we investigated the colonization of nursing home residents by such organisms. (2) Methods: A point prevalence study was performed in six nursing homes of the Heraklion area on the island of Crete. A rectal swab was taken and cultured from each participant, while additional risk factors such as recent hospitalization or antimicrobial usage were recorded and evaluated. (3) Results: A total of 137 nursing home residents were included in the study. Their mean age was 82.1 years and 19.7% were males. In total, cultures yielded 255 GNB; E. coli, K. pneumoniae and P. aeruginosa were the most common. Among the microorganisms cultured, 17.6% had the extended-spectrum beta-lactamase phenotype, while 18% were MDR. A statistically significant association was found between recent antimicrobial use and colonization by MDR-GNB; (4) Conclusions: Colonization by MDR-GNB was found to be highly prevalent in nursing home residents. Recent antimicrobial use was associated with MDR-GNB carriage.