Resistance to Novel β-Lactam-β-Lactamase Inhibitor Combinations: The «Price of Progress».

Resistance to Novel β-Lactam-β-Lactamase Inhibitor Combinations: The "Price of Progress".

Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2020 Sep 30;:

Authors: Papp-Wallace KM, Mack AR, Taracila MA, Bonomo RA

Abstract
Significant advances were made in antibiotic development during the past 5 years. Novel agents were added to the arsenal that target critical priority pathogens, including multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales. Of these, 4 novel β-lactam-β-lactamase inhibitor combinations (ceftolozane-tazobactam, ceftazidime-avibactam, meropenem-vaborbactam, and imipenem-cilastatin-relebactam) reached clinical approval in the United States. With these additions comes a significant responsibility to reduce the possibility of emergence of resistance. Reports in the rise of resistance toward ceftolozane-tazobactam and ceftazidime-avibactam are alarming. Clinicians and scientists must make every attempt to reverse or halt these setbacks.

PMID: 33011051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]