RETINAL MICROGLIA ARE ACTIVATED BY SYSTEMIC FUNGAL INFECTION.

RETINAL MICROGLIA ARE ACTIVATED BY SYSTEMIC FUNGAL INFECTION.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 May 15;

Authors: Maneu V, Noailles A, Megías J, Gómez-Vicente V, Carpena N, Gil ML, Gozalbo D, Cuenca N

Abstract
Purpose: To determine whether systemic fungal infection could cause activation of retinal microglia and therefore could be potentially harmful for patients with retinal degenerative diseases. Methods: Activation of retinal microglia was measured in a model of sublethal invasive candidiasis in C57BL/6J mice by (i) confocal immunofluorescence and (ii) flow cytometry analysis, using anti-CD11b, anti-Iba1, anti-MHCII and anti-CD45 antibodies. Results: Systemic fungal infection causes activation of retinal microglia, with phenotypic changes in morphology, surface markers expression, and microglial re-location in retinal layers. Conclusions: As an excessive or prolonged microglial activation may lead to chronic inflammation with severe pathological side effects, causing or worsening the course of retinal dystrophies, a systemic infection may represent a risk factor to be considered in patients with ocular neurodegenerative diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration or retinitis pigmentosa.

PMID: 24833742 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]