Risk factors for endemic Acinetobacter Baumannii colonization: A case-case study.

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Risk factors for endemic Acinetobacter Baumannii colonization: A case-case study.

Am J Infect Control. 2019 Jun 25;:

Authors: Thorne A, Luo T, Durairajan NK, Kaye KS, Foxman B

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii causes increasingly resistant nosocomial infections worldwide. Although some patients are already colonized with A baumannii on hospital admission, others become colonized with endemic strains that are more likely to be antibiotic-resistant. Colonization increases risk of infection and transmission to others. This study aimed to identify risk factors for colonization with endemic compared to sporadic A baumannii among hospitalized patients.
METHODS: The study population were patients colonized with A baumannii at a single medical center during a 17-month period of active surveillance. Endemic A baumannii (cases) had a repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP) type that occurred 10 or more times during the surveillance period. Cases carrying 1 of the 5 endemic REP types were matched to comparison cases (controls) carrying sporadic strains by facility and time.
RESULTS: There were 69 cases with REP-1, and 64 with REP-2-5. After adjustment, each unit increase in Schmid score was associated with a 70% increase in REP-1 carriage (P = .04) and a 50% increase in REP-2-5 (P = .07). Days in the intensive care unit prior to colonization, longer length of stay, immunosuppression, and the Charlson comorbidity index were not significantly associated with carriage of endemic strains.
CONCLUSIONS: Following best practices for antibiotic stewardship and hygiene will help minimize the emergence and persistence of A baumannii strains adapted to the health care environment.

PMID: 31253551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]