ACS Nano. 2021 Apr 15. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.1c00894. Online ahead of print.
Infections caused by multidrug resistant bacteria are still a serious threat to human health. It is of great significance to explore effective alternative antibacterial strategies. Herein, carbon-iron oxide nanohybrids with rough surfaces (RCF) are developed for NIR-II light-responsive synergistic antibacterial therapy. RCF with excellent photothermal property and peroxidase-like activity could realize synergistic photothermal therapy (PTT)/chemodynamic therapy (CDT) in the NIR-II biowindow with improved penetration depth and low power density. More importantly, RCF with rough surfaces shows increased bacterial adhesion, thereby benefiting both CDT and PTT through effective interaction between RCF and bacteria. In vitro antibacterial experiments demonstrate a broad-spectrum synergistic antibacterial effect of RCF against Gram-negative Escherichia coli (E. coli), Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). In addition, satisfactory biocompatibility makes RCF a promising antibacterial agent. Notably, the synergistic antibacterial performances in vivo could be achieved employing the rat wound model with MRSA infection. The current study proposes a facile strategy to construct antibacterial agents for practical antibacterial applications by the rational design of both composition and morphology. RCF with low power density NIR-II light responsive synergistic activity holds great potential in the effective treatment of drug-resistant bacterial infections.