Saksenaea infection masquerading as a brain tumor in an immunocompetent child.

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Saksenaea infection masquerading as a brain tumor in an immunocompetent child.

Neuropathology. 2019 Aug 02;:

Authors: Magaki S, Minasian T, Bork J, Harder SL, Deisch JK

Abstract
Saksenaea species are a rare cause of mucormycosis, the majority associated with cutaneous and subcutaneous infections resulting from trauma in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals. Unlike other causative agents of mucormycosis, cerebral infections are exceptionally rare. We describe the first case of isolated cerebral infection by Saksenaea in a 4-year-old previously healthy male child who presented with headaches. He had no past medical history other than an episode of febrile seizures. In addition to raising the awareness of an unusual presentation of infection by Saksenaea, this case highlights the importance of pathologic examination for the prompt diagnosis of mucormycosis as well as the specific fungal identification for treatment as Saksenaea spp. may be more susceptible to posaconazole and less susceptible to amphotericin B compared to more common causes of mucormycosis.

PMID: 31373069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]