ACS Med Chem Lett. 2021 Feb 15;12(3):433-442. doi: 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.0c00653. eCollection 2021 Mar 11.
The discovery and clinical use of multitarget monotherapeutic antibiotics is regarded as a promising approach to reduce the development of antibiotic resistance. Platencin (PTN), a potent natural antibiotic initially isolated from a soil actinomycete, targets both FabH and FabF, the initiation and elongation condensing enzymes for bacterial fatty acid biosynthesis. However, its further clinical development has been hampered by poor pharmacokinetics. Herein we report the semisynthesis and biological evaluation of platencin derivatives 1-15 with potent antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in vitro. Some of these PTN analogues showed similar yet distinct interactions with FabH and FabF, as shown by molecular docking, differential scanning fluorometry, and isothermal titration calorimetry. Compounds 3, 8, 10, and 14 were further evaluated in a mouse peritonitis model, among which 8 showed in vivo antibacterial activity comparable to that of PTN. Our results suggest that semisynthetic modification of PTN is a rapid route to obtain active PTN derivatives that might be further developed as promising antibiotics against drug-resistant major pathogens.