Septic shock after liver transplantation successfully treated with endotoxin and cytokine adsorption continuous renal replacement therapy: a case report and literature review.

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Septic shock after liver transplantation successfully treated with endotoxin and cytokine adsorption continuous renal replacement therapy: a case report and literature review.

J Int Med Res. 2020 Jul;48(7):300060520940439

Authors: Li Y, Zhou L, Yang L, Yuan F

Abstract
Endotoxins and cytokines play an important role in multiple organ failure pathogenesis in patients with severe Gram-negative bacterial infection. We present a clinical case where an oXiris hemofilter was used for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) treatment in a patient with septic shock after liver transplantation. A 35-year-old man with a 20-year history of hepatitis B presented with jaundice, loss of appetite, and decreased urine output. He was diagnosed with decompensated cirrhosis with acute-on-chronic liver failure, and liver transplantation was indicated. The day after surgery, he developed hyperthermia, hypotension, anuria, and a progressive increase in blood inflammatory markers and creatinine. Combined with the donor source and blood culture results, septic shock after transplantation was considered. The patient was immediately treated with endotoxin and cytokine adsorption CRRT (oXiris hemofilter) with tigecycline, caspofungin, and ganciclovir as anti-infectives. After 48 hours on CRRT, his blood pressure gradually stabilized, the CLIF Consortium Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure score decreased from 63 to 43. Procalcitonin, endotoxin, and the inflammatory factors interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 also decreased gradually. The patient's liver and kidney functions were completely restored. Our experience suggests that oXiris CRRT combined with antibacterial therapy is an effective treatment for septic shock after liver transplantation.

PMID: 32686965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]