Serious adverse events with tedizolid and linezolid: pharmacovigilance insights through the FDA adverse event reporting system

Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2021 Jul 19:1-11. doi: 10.1080/14740338.2021.1956461. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BackgroundTo investigate the adverse event (AE) profile of tedizolid and linezolid in post-marketing surveillance.Research design and methodsWe queried the worldwide FDA Adverse Event Reporting System and selected all records where tedizolid and linezolid were reported as suspect by removing potential duplicates. Disproportionality analysis was performed investigating designated medical events (DMEs) and specific AEs of clinical interest reported with tedizolid. The reporting odds ratios (RORs) were calculated, deemed significant by a lower limit of the 95% confidence interval (LL95%CI)>1, using linezolid as comparator. Case-by-case assessment of AEs reported in at least three cases with tedizolid was performed.ResultsOverall, 271 and 11,259 reports mentioning respectively tedizolid and linezolid were recorded, of which respectively 59 and 4,473 patients with DMEs or selected AEs were found. No difference emerged for the selected AEs except for increased reporting of hepatic failure (N = 3; LL95%CI = 1.06) with tedizolid considering reports collected after 2014. Extensive off-label use in terms of therapeutic indications (83.6%) and treatment duration was reported with tedizolid.ConclusionsSimilar AE reporting between the two oxazolidinones was found. Considering limitations of pharmacovigilance, this hypothesis of comparable safety profile should be tested prospectively through dedicated real-world studies.

PMID:34280062 | DOI:10.1080/14740338.2021.1956461