JAC Antimicrob Resist. 2021 May 7;3(2):dlab035. doi: 10.1093/jacamr/dlab035. eCollection 2021 Jun.
ESBLs are a group of plasmid-mediated, diverse, complex and rapidly evolving enzymes that pose a therapeutic challenge today in hospital- and community-acquired infections. Thirty-six years after the first report, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for ESBLs are still the subject of controversy. Detection of these enzymes is recommended for epidemiological purposes and facilitates targeted therapy, necessary for antimicrobial stewardship. On the other hand, ESBLs are not confined to specific species, phenotypic detection methods have pitfalls, and concerns exist about the accuracy of antimicrobial susceptibility testing systems to rely on MIC values for cephalosporins and β-lactam combination agents. In this issue, we present a PRO/CON debate on ESBL testing for ceftriaxone-non-susceptible Enterobacterales.