Simultaneous Bilateral Orbital Cellulitis With Meningitis Caused by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an Immunocompetent Infant.

Icon for SLACK Incorporated. Related Articles

Simultaneous Bilateral Orbital Cellulitis With Meningitis Caused by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an Immunocompetent Infant.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2020 Jun 23;57:e34-e37

Authors: Nair AG, Rathi N, Apte MK, Marathe TR, Potdar NA, Shinde CA

Abstract
The authors report a rare case of fulminant bilateral orbital cellulitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus associated with meninigitis in a neonate. The clinical, laboratory, photographic, and radiological records are reviewed. A 17-day-old female infant presented with swelling over both upper eyelids and proptosis in both eyes. Computed tomography showed mutli-loculated abscesses within both orbits. Eyelid swelling and proptosis resolved following transcutaneous aspiration of the purulent material. Cerebrospinal fluid examination yielded Gram-positive cocci, which on culture and polymerase chain reaction testing was identified as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The infant received an extended course of antibiotics. At 12 months of follow-up, the infant was systemically normal with normal milestones, complete ocular movements, and no neurological sequelae. This case highlights the need for cerebrospinal fluid analysis in bilateral orbital cellulitis, even in cases not exhibiting central nervous system involvement. Aggressive medical and surgical treatment is needed in bilateral orbital cellulitis. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2020;57:e34-e37.].

PMID: 32579684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]