Species distribution and antifungal drug susceptibilities of yeasts isolated from the blood samples of patients with candidemia.

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Species distribution and antifungal drug susceptibilities of yeasts isolated from the blood samples of patients with candidemia.

Sci Rep. 2019 Mar 07;9(1):3838

Authors: Lindberg E, Hammarström H, Ataollahy N, Kondori N

Abstract
Candida albicans is the most frequently isolated fungal species in hospital settings worldwide. However, non-albicans Candida species with decreased susceptibility to antifungals have emerged as an important cause of fungemia. The aims of this study were to determine the species distribution of fungi isolated from the blood samples of patients at a Swedish University Hospital and to define the in vitro susceptibilities of these isolates to nine antifungal agents. In total, 233 yeast isolates from 143 patients were included in this study. Antifungal susceptibility testing was performed using broth dilution Sensititre YeastOne panels, which comprised amphotericin B, 5-flucytosine, fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole, anidulafungin, micafungin, and caspofungin. The most common species in all age groups was C. albicans (n = 93, 65%), followed by C. glabrata (n = 27, 19%) and C. parapsilosis (n = 15, 10%). C. glabrata was mostly found in elderly individuals, while C. parapsilosis was found mainly in young children (p = 0.008). Antifungal resistance was low in the Candida species, except for reduced susceptibility to fluconazole among C. glabrata strains. C. albicans is the most frequent colonizer of Swedish patients. In general antifungal resistance is uncommon in Candida species. Nevertheless, reduced susceptibilities to fluconazole and echinocandins were found in C. glabrata and C. parapsilosis, respectively.

PMID: 30846717 [PubMed - in process]