Indian J Orthop. 2021 Mar 1;55(4):907-911. doi: 10.1007/s43465-021-00378-6. eCollection 2021 Aug.
BACKGROUND: Very few studies report resistance pattern exclusively in musculoskeletal tuberculosis (MSK-TB).
METHODS: This study of 100 pus samples from patients of MSK-TB with active disease in whom Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) was detected by cartridge-based nucleic acid amplification test (CBNAAT), revealed the pattern of resistance among newly diagnosed and previously treated cases. Liquid culture and drug susceptibility testing (DST) using MGIT 960 was done for 11 anti-tubercular drugs.
RESULTS: Among these 100 cases; 22% were AFB positive; MGIT 960 detected MTB in 58.33% (35/60) new cases and 30.0% (12/40) previously treated cases. Five new and 10 previously treated cases had drug resistance and 12 were detected rifampicin resistance (Rif-R) by CBNAAT. Among new cases MGIT-DST detected mono-INH resistant in 2.86% (1/35), mono-STR resistant in 2.86% (1/35), MDR-TB in 5.7% (2/35) and pre-XDR in 2.9%(1/35).Among previously treated cases Rif-R was found in 10% (4/40) where MTB was not detected by MGIT and MGIT-DST detected mono-INH resistant in 8.33% (1/12); MDR-TB in 8.33% (1/12) and pre-XDR in 33.3%. There were no cases of XDR-TB.
CONCLUSION: High disease burden of various type drug resistance were seen more commonly in previously treated cases and was not uncommon in new cases of MSK-TB. Both CBNAAT and DST are essential for detecting resistance pattern in MSK-TB.