Staphylococcal manipulation of host immune responses.

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Staphylococcal manipulation of host immune responses.

Nat Rev Microbiol. 2015 Aug 14;13(9):529-43

Authors: Thammavongsa V, Kim HK, Missiakas D, Schneewind O

Abstract
Staphylococcus aureus, a bacterial commensal of the human nares and skin, is a frequent cause of soft tissue and bloodstream infections. A hallmark of staphylococcal infections is their frequent recurrence, even when treated with antibiotics and surgical intervention, which demonstrates the bacterium's ability to manipulate innate and adaptive immune responses. In this Review, we highlight how S. aureus virulence factors inhibit complement activation, block and destroy phagocytic cells and modify host B cell and T cell responses, and we discuss how these insights might be useful for the development of novel therapies against infections with antibiotic resistant strains such as methicillin-resistant S. aureus.

PMID: 26272408 [PubMed - in process]